Coarse jute fabric is derived from the jute plant, a natural, bio-degradable vegetable fibre which is long, soft, shiny, and produced in warm, wet monsoon climate. It is always in great demand because it is economical and soft, durable, as well as for the length and uniformity of its fibre.
Because of its coarse weave, jute is not typically an apparel fabric. However, it is commonly used in the production of rope, canvas, bags, sack, carpet backing, yarn and twine.
Coarse jute fabric, known as the brown paper bag’ is used to store commodities such as rice, wheat and grain. Due to its versatility, it is also known as the golden fibre’, with its matting being used to prevent soil erosion due to flooding while natural vegetation becomes established.
Second only to cotton in importance, availability, usage and global consumption, jute fibres are also woven into curtains, chair coverings, area rugs, backing for linoleum and hessian cloth. It is easily blended with other natural and synthetic fibres, including wool, and accepts cellulose dyes with no resultant skin irritations.
The coarse end of the plant, jute butts, are used to make inexpensive cloth. Imitation silk is also made from very fine threads of silk carefully separated. Used mainly for its fibre in Bangladesh, other countries in Southeast Asia and the South Pacific, the Tossa Jute, a variety thought to be native to India, is softer, silkier and stronger that the less popular white jute.
Diversified jute products such as espadrilles, soft sweaters and cardigans are becoming increasingly popular among consumers. As a home textile, jute is a wise choice as it can either replace cotton or be blended with it because it is strong, durable and colour-fast.
Coarse jute fabric also provides UV protection, sound and heat insulation, possesses anti-static properties and low-thermal conduction. Another diversified product of coarse jute fabric is Geotextiles, a lightly-woven fabric useful for the prevention of soil erosion, weed control, seed protection, and a wide variety of other agricultural and landscaping uses. Its durable nature and breathability makes jute a popular choice in agriculture. The Geotextiles can be used more than a year, after which the jute Geo textile is left to rot on the ground.
This keeps the ground cool and makes the land more fertile. Being 100% biodegradable and recyclable makes jute one of the most environmentally friendly fabrics around, which accounts for its popularity among st agriculturists and horticulturists. The fact that there is no need for pesticides and insecticides in its production is also a distinct advantage in producing this plant.
Coarse jute fabric is a wise choice for the consumer. It is environmentally friendly, good for the air and soil, and all parts of the plant can be used. It is durable and offers a wide variety of fabric uses for the home, manufacturing and agriculture, and is Eco-friendly. Jute is also becoming increasingly in the production of wood and paper, cutting down on the destruction of trees and forests.