Acetate fabric definition can be given as a fabric that is made of spun thread of cellulose which is taken from wood pulp. It is categorized as chemical fiber textile. It is occasionally combined with wool, cotton or silk to make it stronger.
History of acetate fabric
Acetate fabric was the second fabric to be manufactured in the US after rayon. This fabric was first used in France as a varnish for an airplane wing. This fabric could not be initially mass produced in the US, because of its problem with dyeing. Earlier due to some fumes or pollutants the fabric would discolor. While the issue was resolved by chemists some acetates still discolor when exposed to fumes.
Some characteristics of the acetate fabric:
- It has a luxurious appearance and feel
- It has a wide range of lusters and colors
- Dries fast
Special dyes have been developed for the acetate fabric as the fabric resists ordinary colors and dyes which are used for fabrics like cotton and rayon. Because of the dye selectiveness the fabric is able to get multi-color effects which are made from a combination of different fibers. This happens due to cross dyeing in which yarns of one fabric are woven into another fabric in a desired pattern. After the fabric is removed from the bath it will reflect different colors due to the combination of fibers.
Advantages of the fabric
Acetate fabric definition can be given as a fabric that replaces shiny, luxurious or soft fabrics on upholstery as curtain drapes and other home décor items, along with this it is also used for evening wear, clothing and linings of furniture.
Some of its advantages are:
- It drapes and falls well
- There are several color options and sheens
- It is a fabric that dries quickly and resists shrinking
- The fabric is also resistant to mildew and moth
- The fabric has a high luster and elegant appeal and feel
Care for the acetate fabric
Some of the major acid fiber uses are: dresses, blouses, evening wear, upholstery and home furnishings and wedding attire. Most acetate fibers should be subjected to dry cleaning however if the label indicates washing observe the following care:
- Wash the cloth with hands in warm water with mild soaps
- Do not twist or wring the garment
- Avoid soaking colored items
Press with cool iron on wrong side when the cloth is damp as the fabric has low heat resistance. It might melt under a hot iron.
Cutting properties: According to acetate fabric definition it is marred by pinholes, seam ripping and other things like water spots.
Stitching: The fabric requires use of fresh and fine needles. The fabric has a tendency to pucker and form bubbles. Bulky finishes should not be done.
According to acetate fabric definition it is an artificial or manufactured fiber that has a silky luxurious appearance. It dries fast and resists moisture. Generally, the fabric is meant to be dry cleaned, however some newer versions are being made with acetate knits that can be washed in mild warm water.